Prevalence and Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B

Ho Soo Chun, Jae Seung Lee, Hye Won Lee, Beom Kyung Kim, Jun Yong Park, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Seung Up Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The association between chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains unclear. We investigated the prevalence and risk factors of CVD in patients with CHB. Methods: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2008–2011 were analyzed. Significant liver fibrosis was defined as the highest nonalcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis score quartile, highest Forns index quintile, or fibrosis-4 ≥ 2.67. The CVD risk was calculated using the 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk score from the 2013 ACC/AHA Guidelines. Results: Among the 506 subjects with CHB, 15 (3.0%) and 150 (29.6%) patients had a CVD history and significant liver fibrosis, respectively. Patients with CVD history were significantly older; showed a significantly higher prevalence of hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and significant liver fibrosis; and had a significantly higher platelet count, lower aspartate and alanine aminotransferase levels, higher triglyceride level, lower high-density lipoprotein level, and higher ASCVD risk than those without (all p < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, higher ASCVD risk (odds ratio [OR] = 1.090) and significant liver fibrosis (OR = 4.341) independently predicted the risk of CVD history (p < 0.05). The prevalence of CVD risk (6.7% vs. 1.4%; OR = 5.014) and high ASCVD risk (> 15%) (34.0% vs. 7.3%; OR = 6.538) was significantly higher in patients with significant liver fibrosis than in those without (all p < 0.05). Conclusions: Significant liver fibrosis was independently associated with the risk of CVD history in patients with CHB. Prospective studies are needed to validate the longitudinal association between fibrotic burden and CVD development in patients with CHB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3412-3425
Number of pages14
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology


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