Prevalence and predictors of clinically relevant atrial high-rate episodes in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices

Min Kim, Tae Hoon Kim, Hee Tae Yu, Eue Keun Choi, Hyung Seob Park, Junbeom Park, Young Soo Lee, Ki Woon Kang, Jaemin Shim, Jung Hoon Sung, Il Young Oh, Boyoung Joung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Background and Objectives: Atrial high-rate episodes (AHREs) can be continuously detected by cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs); however, the predictors of clinically relevant AHREs are unclear. Methods: This prospective multicenter study monitored 816 patients (median age 73 years, 40.4% male) without atrial fibrillation (AF) from September 2017 to July 2020. AHREs was defined as a programmed atrial detection rate >220 beats/min. The reference values of 6 minutes and 6 hours were set to analyze clinical implication of AHREs based on previously published data that the 6 minutes excluded most episodes of oversensing. Results: During a median follow-up of 18 months (interquartile interval 9–26 months), AHREs with the longest durations of >15 seconds, >6 minutes, and >6 hours and clinically documented AF by electrocardiography were noted in 246 (30.1%), 112 (13.7%), 49 (6.0%), and 24 (2.9%) patients, respectively. Among patients developing AHREs >6 minutes, 102 (91.1%) of 112 patients were identified at the 6-month visit. Patients with AHREs >6 minutes had higher proportions of sick sinus syndrome, subjects with atrial premature beat >1% on Holter monitoring, and larger left atrium (LA) size than patients with AHREs ≤6 minutes. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that LA diameter >41 mm (odds ratio [OR], 2.08; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.25–3.45), and sick sinus syndrome (OR, 3.22; 95% CI, 1.91–5.43) were associated with AHREs >6 minutes. Conclusions: In patients with LA diameter >41 mm, and sick sinus syndrome before CIEDs implantation is associated with risk of developing AHREs >6 minutes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere9 Received: Sep 2, 2020
JournalKorean Circulation Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec 16

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2021. The Korean Society of Cardiology This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence and predictors of clinically relevant atrial high-rate episodes in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this