Preparation of high-purity nano-CaCO3 from steel slag

Hoyong Jo, Min Gu Lee, Jinwon Park, Kwang Deog Jung

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41 Citations (Scopus)


Indirect carbonation is a suitable method for carbon dioxide (CO2) removal from the environment, and it requires an acid to dissolve the calcium ions and a base to precipitate the formed calcium carbonate (CaCO3). We herein report a new method to produce high-purity nano-CaCO3(nCaCO3) from steel slag using hydrochloric acid (HCl) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The rate equation for the dissolution of calcium (Ca) in the slag was derived using a range of variables, such as temperatures, solid-to-liquid (S/L) ratio, and HCl concentration. The purified calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) was converted into nCaCO3(size: 80–120 nm, purity: 98.5%) by carbonation with CO2, after impurities, such as iron (Fe), aluminum (Al), and Mg, were completely removed. An efficiency of 73% was obtained for the dissolution and precipitation steps when 0.50 M HCl and 1.0 M NaOH were employed to produce 1 ton/h of nano-CaCO3with a purity of 98.5 wt%. Recently, a sodium chloride (NaCl) electrolysis system with low energy requirement was proposed to simultaneously produce HCl and NaOH. Assuming 90% faradic efficiency in the aforementioned NaCl electrolysis, process energies of 916 kWh/tCaCO3and 1462 kWh/tCaCO3were obtained at potentials of 0.83 V and 1.50 V, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)884-894
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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