Preparation of energy efficient paraffinic PCMs/expanded vermiculite and perlite composites for energy saving in buildings

Okyoung Chung, Su Gwang Jeong, Sumin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

153 Citations (Scopus)


This paper deals with the preparation, characterization, thermal properties and thermal reliability of form-stable composite phase change materials (PCMs), composed of n-octadecane, expanded vermiculite, and perlite for thermal energy storage. The composite PCMs were prepared by incorporation of liquid n-octadecane within the expanded vermiculite (eVMT) and expanded perlite (ePLT), using a vacuum impregnation method. The microstructures of n-octadecane/expanded vermiculite and pearlite were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Analysis of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) of the prepared composite PCMs showed good compatibility between n-octadecane and the expanded vermiculite and pearlite. The thermal conductivities of composites were reduced, based on the TCi results. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis indicated that the n-octadecane/eVMT and n-odtadecane/ePLT composites maintained their large latent heat capacity and original phase change temperatures, due to large surface area and good dispersion of the eVMT and ePLT. TGA analysis revealed that the prepared composite PCMs had good thermal durability in the working temperature ranges. Therefore, n-octadecane based composite PCMs can be considered as suitable candidates for latent heat thermal energy storage, with high thermal performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-112
Number of pages6
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Published by Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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