Preemptive R & D, rent dissipation, and the "leverage theory"

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33 Citations (Scopus)


This paper provides a new perspective on the validity of the so-called "leverage theory." In a model of preemptive innovation in "systems" markets, I examine the effect of bundling on R&D incentives. I find that bundling provides a channel through which monopoly "slack" in one component market can be shifted to another, with the effect of mitigating rent dissipation in the systems market. Bundling can be profitable if this beneficial effect of reduced rent dissipation outweighs the negative effect of intensified price competition. After demonstrating the private optimality of bundling, its welfare implications are considered. Finally, the results can be reinterpreted to analyze the relationship between compatibility decisions and R&D incentives in mix-and-match models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1152-1181
Number of pages30
JournalQuarterly Journal of Economics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics


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