Predictive Ability of Serum IL-27 Level for Assessing Activity of Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis

Taejun Yoon, Sung Soo Ahn, Jung Yoo Pyo, Lucy Eunju Lee, Jason Jungsik Song, Yong Beom Park, Sang Won Lee

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Serum interleukin- (IL-) 27 level has been reported to increase in patients with several autoimmune diseases; however, its significance in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody- (ANCA-) associated vasculitis (AAV) is unknown. In this study, we investigated the associations between serum IL-27, laboratory features, and activity of AAV and evaluate the predictive ability of serum IL-27 level for disease activity. This study included 77 AAV patients, and we collected clinical and laboratory data at blood sampling. Inflammation-related variables included white blood cell, neutrophil, lymphocyte and platelet counts, serum albumin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein levels. Serum IL-27 and IL-18 levels were measured from stored sera using Human Magnetic Luminex® assay. High disease activity of AAV was defined as the highest tertile of Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS) (≥11). The mean age of the enrolled patients was 59.9 years, and 38 (49.4%) were diagnosed as microscopic polyangiitis. In the multivariable analysis, serum albumin (β=-0.419) and serum IL-27 level (β=0.221) were significantly associated with BVAS. Furthermore, patients with renal manifestation exhibited higher serum IL-27 (mean 308.7 pg/mL vs. 105.8 pg/mL) and IL-18 levels (mean 376.7 pg/mL vs. 270.4 pg/mL) than those without. On applying the optimal cut-off of serum IL-27 level for predicting high activity, AAV patients with serum IL-27 level≥300.8 pg/mL had a significantly higher risk for having high disease activity than those with serum IL-27 level<300.8 pg/mL (relative risk 3.380, 95% confidence interval 1.223, 9.345, P=0.016). These results suggest that serum IL-27 level is associated with the cross-sectional activity and the presence of renal manifestation and could be used to predict high disease activity in patients with AAV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6668884
JournalMediators of Inflammation
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Taejun Yoon et al.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology


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