Prediction of thermal stresses during vertical solidification of a pure metal with density change

Jinho Lee, Ki Young Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


A numerical methodology for the calculation of the thermal stresses in a solidifying body with volume contraction due to solid-liquid density change is developed and applied to the vertical solidification of pure aluminum. In this algorithm, the phase-change heat-transfer analysis is performed by a finite-volume method (FVM) and the thermal-stresses analysis in a solidifying body by a finite-element method (FEM). Difficulties associated with the time-dependent solid and liquid domains, the shapes of which are also a part of the solutions, are overcome by employing the boundary-fitted coordinate system. A hypoelastic-viscoplastic constitutive model and a rate form of the principle of virtual work are involved to model the stresses and the deformation. The effect of various cooling rates on the motion of the solid-liquid interface, on the temperatures and on the thermal stresses is presented and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-94
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Feb 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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