Prediction model for bleeding after endoscopic submucosal dissection of gastric neoplasms from a high-volume center

Yeon Hwa Choe, Da Hyun Jung, Jun Chul Park, Ha Yan Kim, Sung Kwan Shin, Sang Kil Lee, Yong Chan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Background and Aim: Bleeding after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a main adverse event. To date, although there have been several studies about risk factors for post-ESD bleeding, there has been few predictive model for post-ESD bleeding with large volume cases. We aimed to design a prediction model for post-ESD bleeding using a classification tree model. Methods: We analyzed a prospectively established cohort of patients with gastric neoplasms treated with ESD from 2007 to 2016. Baseline characteristics were collected for a total of 5080 patients, and the bleeding risk was estimated using variable statistical methods such as logistic regression, AdaBoost, and random forest. To investigate how bleeding was affected by independent predictors, the classification and regression tree (CART) method was used. The prediction tree developed for the cohort was internally validated. Results: Post-ESD bleeding occurred in 262 of 5080 patients (5.1%). In multivariate logistic regression, ongoing antithrombotic use during the procedure, cancer pathology, and piecemeal resection were significant risk factors for post-ESD bleeding. In the CART model, the decisive variables were ongoing antithrombotic agent use, resected specimen size ≥49 mm, and patient age <62 years. The CART model accuracy was 94.9%, and the cross-validation accuracy was 94.8%. Conclusions: We developed a simple and easy-to-apply predictive tree model based on three risk factors that could help endoscopists identify patients at a high risk of bleeding. This model will enable clinicians to establish precise management strategies for patients at a high risk of bleeding and to prevent post-ESD bleeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2217-2223
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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