Practical pinch detection algorithm for smart automotive power window control systems

Won Sang Ra, Hye Jin Lee, Jin Bae Park, Tae Sung Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


An improved pinch detection algorithm is proposed for low-cost antipinch window control systems. Apart from previous works, the proposed algorithm makes use of torque rate information to sense pinched conditions and to perform safety precautions. The motivation for this approach comes from the idea that the torque rate is less sensitive to motor parameter uncertainty than the torque or the angular velocity. The pinch estimator is designed by applying steady-state Kalman filter recursion to the augmented system model which includes the motor dynamics model and an additional torque rate state. The external torque rate is estimated using angular velocity measurements calculated from the Hall sensor output. A systematic way to set a reasonable threshold of the torque rate estimates under pinched conditions is suggested through deterministic estimation error analysis. Therefore, the proposed algorithm is able to prevent performance degradation due to the empirical threshold level as well as due to motor parameter variations. Experimental results show that our method satisfies EU legal requirements and guarantees robustness against parametric uncertainties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1376-1384
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received February 20, 2006; revised October 22, 2007. The preliminary version of this paper was presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON2005 held in 6–10 November, 2005). This research was funded by the Hyundai MOBIS Company, Ltd.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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