It is desirable to develop novel multipurpose phase change materials (PCMs) with improved energy storage and release characteristics. In this study, the utility of a nanocomposite composed of a metal–organic framework (MOF) and graphite was explored for shape-stable PCMs. The prepared MOF-integrated graphite featured favorable structural characteristics (such as large specific surface area (550.6 m2/g), increased total pore volume, and dominant mesopore structure). The obtained composite with a high energy storage capacity (111.4 J/g) exhibited an electrical resistivity that was at least 7 orders of magnitude lower than that of the pristine PCM. In addition, the alkane possessed enhanced chemical compatibility with the supporting scaffolds, outstanding shape, and thermal stabilities. The strong structural connectivity, high specific surface area, and pore size distributions (micro/mesopores) of the scaffolds play a remarkable role in large PCM infiltration ratio, high electrical conductivity, and improved thermal properties of as-prepared composites. It was also suggested that the cavities of the MOF, filled with graphite and the π-π interactions between strand ligands, generate favorable pathways in the nanocomposites. Subsequently creates a supramolecular “wire-like” paths and reduce the resistivity of the parent materials. Therefore, this multifunctional material shows the potential for applications in electro/thermal energy management systems.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2019R1A2C4100284 ).
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis