Mesoporous materials have been proved to be meritorious for energy-related applications by virtue of their high surface areas and tunable porosities. Their interactions with guest species give rise to abundant accessible active sites, leading to easy mass/charge transfer. Recently, phosphorus-based mesoporous materials have attracted immense interest as a promising electrode/catalyst material for clean and renewable energy technologies, owing to their architectural superiority and intrinsic electrochemical activity. In particular, metal phosphates, phosphonates, and phosphides have demonstrated versatile electrocatalytic activity. Herein, we summarize the current state-of-the-art synthetic strategies of mesoporous metal phosphates, phosphonates, and phosphides for energy storage and conversion applications. Perspectives on the existing challenges in synthesis and application performance and opportunities for future material design are put forward.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Energy