Phenalenyl-fused porphyrins with different ground states

Wangdong Zeng, Sangsu Lee, Minjung Son, Masatoshi Ishida, Ko Furukawa, Pan Hu, Zhe Sun, Dongho Kim, Jishan Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


Materials based on biradicals/biradicaloids have potential applications for organic electronics, photonics and spintronics. In this work, we demonstrated that hybridization of porphyrin and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon could lead to a new type of stable biradicals/biradicaloids with tunable ground state and physical property. Mono- and bis-phenalenyl fused porphyrins 1 and 2 were synthesized via an intramolecular Friedel-Crafts alkylation-followed-by oxidative dehydrogenation strategy. Our detailed experimental and theoretical studies revealed that 1 has a closed-shell structure with a small biradical character (y = 0.06 by DFT calculation) in the ground state, while 2 exists as a persistent triplet biradical at room temperature under inert atmosphere. Compound 1 underwent hydrogen abstraction from solvent during the crystal growing process while compound 2 was easily oxidized in air to give two dioxo-porphyrin isomers 11a/11b, which can be correlated to their unique biradical character and spin distribution. The physical properties of 1 and 2, their dihydro/tetrahydro-precursors 7/10, and the dioxo-compounds 11a/11b were investigated and compared.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2427-2433
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry


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