Phase 1b Open-Label Trial of Afatinib Plus Xentuzumab (BI 836845) in Patients With EGFR Mutation-Positive NSCLC After Progression on EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

Keunchil Park, Daniel Shao Weng Tan, Wu Chou Su, Byoung Chul Cho, Sang We Kim, Ki Hyeong Lee, Chin Chou Wang, Takashi Seto, Dennis Chin Lun Huang, Helen Hayoun Jung, Ming Chi Hsu, Thomas Bogenrieder, Chia Chi Lin

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Insulin-like growth factor signaling has been implicated in acquired resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in NSCLC. This phase 1 trial (NCT02191891) investigated the combination of xentuzumab (an insulin-like growth factor-ligand neutralizing monoclonal antibody) and afatinib (an EGFR TKI) in patients with previously treated EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. Methods: The trial comprised dose escalation (part A) and expansion (part B). Patients had advanced or metastatic NSCLC that had progressed on EGFR TKI monotherapy or platinum-based chemotherapy (nonadenocarcinoma only, part A) or irreversible EGFR TKI monotherapy (part B). Absence of EGFR T790M mutation was required in part B. Part A used a 3 + 3 design, with a starting dose of xentuzumab 1000 mg/wk (intravenous) and afatinib 30 mg/d (oral). Primary endpoints were the maximum tolerated dose of the combination (part A) and objective response (part B). Results: A total of 16 patients each were treated in parts A and B. Maximum tolerated dose was xentuzumab 1000 mg/wk plus afatinib 40 mg/d. No patients in part B had an objective response, but 10 had stable disease (median [range] duration of disease control: 2.3 [0.8–10.9] mo). The most common drug-related adverse events were diarrhea (75 %), paronychia (69 %), and rash (69 %) in part A and diarrhea (31 %), rash (19 %), paronychia (19 %), and fatigue (19 %) in part B. Conclusions: There were no new safety issues; xentuzumab and afatinib could be safely coadministered. Nevertheless, the combination revealed only modest activity in patients with EGFR mutation-positive, T790M-negative NSCLC after progression on afatinib.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100206
JournalJTO Clinical and Research Reports
Volume2
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sept

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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