Performance evaluation and maintenance of concrete bridges in cold regions

A. Hmidan, Y. J. Kim, D. K. Yoon, S. Yazdani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


This paper presents a unique approach to examine the performance of constructed concrete bridges in cold regions, based on a combined statistical analysis and geographic information system (GIS) method. A total of 3,013 bridges and 1,126 bridge decks selected from the State of North Dakota (one of the coldest regions in the United States) are analyzed. Detailed technical information of the examined bridges is obtained from the National Bridge Inventory (NBI) database constructed between 2006 and 2007. A statistical analysis is conducted to identify the critical sources of bridge deterioration in cold regions, in particular concrete bridges, using the ordinary least-square multiple regression method. The performance of concrete bridges under cold weather is in general satisfactory, while the deck slabs are the critical structural members and may require regular maintenance and repair. The contribution of the year-built and the presence of water are the most critical factors to the bridge deterioration. A case study is presented based on a 29-span bridge consisting of cast-in-place deck slabs supported by prestressed concrete and steel plate girders. Detailed inspection results are reported and adequate maintenance methods are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecent Advances in Maintenance and Repair of Concrete Bridges - Papers Presented at the ACI Spring 2010 Convention
Number of pages18
Edition277 SP
Publication statusPublished - 2010
EventACI Spring 2010 Convention - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: 2010 Mar 212010 Mar 25

Publication series

NameAmerican Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication
Number277 SP
ISSN (Print)0193-2527


OtherACI Spring 2010 Convention
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago, IL

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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