Performance Analysis of Massive MIMO for Cell-Boundary Users

Yeon Geun Lim, Chan Byoung Chae, Giuseppe Caire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

141 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we consider massive multiple-input-multiple-output systems for both downlink and uplink scenarios, where three radio units connected via one digital unit support multiple user equipments at the cell-boundary through the same radio resource, i.e., the same time-frequency slot. For downlink transmitter options, the study considers zero forcing (ZF) and maximum ratio transmission (MRT), whereas for uplink receiver options, it considers ZF and maximum ratio combining (MRC). For the sum rate of each of these, we derive simple closed-form formulas. In the simple but practically relevant case where uniform power is allocated to all downlink data streams, we observe that, for the downlink, vector normalization is better for ZF whereas matrix normalization is better for MRT. For a given antenna and user configuration, we also analytically derive the signal-to-noise-ratio level below which MRC should be used instead of ZF. Numerical simulations confirm our analytical results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7166320
Pages (from-to)6827-6842
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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