Performance Analysis of ANN Prediction for Groundwater Level Considering Regional-Specific Influence Components

Incheol Kim, Junhwan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Groundwater level (GWL) varies periodically or non-periodically with various factors including precipitation, river stage (RS) change, sea level, and dewatering activities. In this study, the effect of influence components on the prediction of GWL using an artificial neural network (ANN) was investigated. Six regions with different hydrologic and geologic conditions were collected and adopted in the investigation using various input combinations. In urban areas with a high surface paved ratio, GWL was mainly affected by RS. In rural areas, the permeability of ground showed a significant impact on GWL. For such cases, the moving average (MA) was a suitable component as it could reflect both time lag and the effect of preceding precipitation. It was shown that site-specific influence component should be firstly identified and introduced into input for more enhanced and reliable prediction of GWL using ANN. The effect of learning data length (LDL) was less significant. In urban and rural areas, the introduction of RS and MA into ANN input significantly improved the prediction performance, respectively, which was consistent with the correlation analysis of GWL influence components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)344-361
Number of pages18
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 National Ground Water Association.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Computers in Earth Sciences


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