Patterns and correlates of drug-related ED visits: Results from a national survey

Brian E. Perron, Amy S.B. Bohnert, Sarah E. Monsell, Michael G. Vaughn, Matthew Epperson, Matthew O. Howard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Drug treatment can be effective in community-based settings, but drug users tend to underuse these treatment options and instead seek services in emergency departments (EDs) and other acute care settings. The goals of this study were to describe prevalence and correlates of drug-related ED visits. Basic Procedures: This study used data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, which is a nationally representative survey of 43 093 US residents. Main Findings: The overall prevalence of drug-related ED visits among lifetime drug users was 1.8%; for those with a lifetime drug use disorder, 3.7%. Persons with heroin dependence and inhalant dependence had the highest rates of ED visits, and marijuana dependence was associated with the lowest rates. Multivariate analyses revealed that being socially connected (ie, marital status) was a protective factor against ED visits, whereas psychopathology (ie, personality or mood disorders) was a risk factor. Conclusions: Significant variability exists for risk of ED use for different types of drugs. These findings can help inform where links between EDs with local treatment programs can be formed to provide preventive care and injury-prevention interventions to reduce the risk of subsequent ED visits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)704-710
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sept

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the NIAAA (1R03AA019575-01), the Curtis Center of the University of Michigan, School of Social Work, and the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Health Services Research and Development Service and Office of Mental Health Services. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the NIAAA, Curtis Center, or Department of Veterans Affairs.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine


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