Particle resolved numerical modeling of unsteady forced convection of nanofluid around a porous cuboid with sinusoidal inlet velocity

Mahsa Mohammadi, Milad Massoudifarid, Mohammad Hojaji, Arash Karimipour, Jungho Hwang, Massoud Massoudi Farid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this research, the laminar, incompressible, unsteady oscillatory flow and convective heat transfer of nanofluid around a porous cuboid were studied two-dimensionally using particle resolved calculations. Several cuboids of different sizes and porosities and with a constant temperature were subjected to a nanofluid flow with a sinusoidal velocity profile. The effects of the Reynolds number (Re = 100-900), the volume fraction of nanoparticles, the aspect ratio of the porous cuboid, the Darcy number and the amplitude and frequency of the inlet velocity on the flow field and heat transfer were investigated. To evaluate the system's optimal performance, performance evaluation criteria (PEC) were also investigated. The results showed that increasing the Reynolds number improved thermal performance. Increasing the volume fraction of nanoparticles increased the Nusselt number; however, the pressure drop coefficient increased more strongly. The heat transfer and pressure drop coefficient increased in line with the growth of the porous cuboid aspect ratio. When the Darcy number was increased, the Nusselt number first increased and then decreased and the pressure drop coefficient continuously decreased. A higher amplitude of the inlet velocity profile augmented the heat transfer and pressure drop coefficient. An increase in the amplitude and frequency of the inlet velocity profile widened the range of drag and lift coefficients. Furthermore, flow at different inlet velocity frequencies (f ∗ = 0-10) behaved differently; as a result, the maximum rate of heat transfer and pressure drop was obtained at f ∗=5. However, considering the ratio of the Nusselt number to the pressure drop coefficient and PEC parameter, the optimum frequency was f ∗=9.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-505
Number of pages19
JournalZeitschrift fur Naturforschung - Section A Journal of Physical Sciences
Volume77
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mathematical Physics
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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