Oxidized LDL induces procoagulant profiles by increasing lysophosphatidylcholine levels, lysophosphatidylethanolamine levels, and Lp-PLA2 activity in borderline hypercholesterolemia

Minjoo Kim, Hye Jin Yoo, Dahyoung Lee, Jong Ho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims: The increased risk of cardiovascular disease under hypercholesterolemia is due to associations between oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) and between ox-LDL and coagulant profiles. We investigated the impact of different ox-LDL levels on coagulation time and plasma metabolomes in subjects with borderline hypercholesterolemia. Methods and results: One hundred thirty-one subjects with borderline hypercholesterolemia (serum cholesterol ≥200 mg/dL) were divided into low ox-LDL (n = 66) and high ox-LDL (n = 65) groups. After adjusting for confounding factors, the high ox-LDL group exhibited a significantly decreased activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and prothrombin time (PT) and increased Lp-PLA2 activity. Compared to the low ox-LDL group, the high ox-LDL group exhibited significantly increased intensities of 17 lysophosphatidylcholines (lysoPCs) and 7 lysophosphatidylethanolamines (lysoPEs). Ox-LDL was inversely correlated with aPTT and PT and positively correlated with Lp-PLA2 activity. Positive correlations were also found among ox-LDL, Lp-PLA2 activity, lysoPCs, and lysoPEs. LysoPCs and lysoPEs were inversely correlated with PT and aPTT. The identified plasma metabolites, including amino acids, fatty acid amides, acylcarnitines, and lysophospholipids, were significantly upregulated in the high ox-LDL group. Conclusion: High ox-LDL levels may be involved in the development of a procoagulant state in subjects with borderline hypercholesterolemia by increasing Lp-PLA2 activity and lysoPC and lysoPE levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1137-1146
Number of pages10
JournalNutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 25

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Italian Diabetes Society, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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