Outcomes of non-ischaemic coronary lesions with high-risk plaque characteristics on coronary CT angiography

Seokhun Yang, Masahiro Hoshino, Taishi Yonetsu, Jinlong Zhang, Doyeon Hwang, Eun Seok Shin, Joon Hyung Doh, Chang Wook Nam, Jianan Wang, Shaoliang Chen, Nobuhiro Tanaka, Hitoshi Matsuo, Takashi Kubo, Hyuk Jae Chang, Tsunekazu Kakuta, Bon Kwon Koo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The integrative implications of quantitative and qualitative plaque characteristics on clinical outcomes and therapeutic guidance have not been fully investigated. Aims: We aimed to investigate the combined prognostic value of quantitative and qualitative plaque measures and their interactions with treatment modalities and physiological lesion severity. Methods: Among 697 vessels from 458 patients who underwent fractional flow reserve (FFR)-guided treatment, quantitative high-risk plaque (qn-HRP; plaque burden ≥70% and minimum lumen area <3.3 mm2) and qualitative HRP (ql-HRP; low-attenuation plaque or positive remodelling) were defined on coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). The primary endpoint was the vessel-oriented composite outcome (VOCO; a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or revascularisation). Results: The mean baseline FFR was 0.85±0.12, and 25.8% underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) during the index procedure. In medically treated lesions, both qn-HRP and ql-HRP were associated with an increased risk of VOCO (p<0.05). Relative to the lesions with qn-HRP(-)/ql-HRP(-),those with qn-HRP(+)/ql-HRP(+) showed a higher risk of VOCO (hazard ratio [HR] 8.36, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.86-24.44). The PCI group showed a lower risk for VOCO than the medical treatment group (HR 0.31, 95% CI: 0.11-0.91) in lesions with qn-HRP(+)/ql-HRP(+). This difference was consistent in lesions with an FFR of 0.81-0.90 (HR 0.19, 95 CI: 0.04-0.90), but not in those with an FFR of >0.90. Conclusions: In non-ischaemic lesions, ql-HRP and qn-HRP showed a synergistic impact on risk assessment and had prognostic interactions with FFR and treatment modalities. Therefore, they need to be integrated into risk stratification and the optimisation of a treatment strategy. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04037163.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1011-1021
Number of pages11
JournalEuroIntervention
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Europa Digital & Publishing 2023. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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