Optimization of rail profile to reduce wear on curved track

Ha Young Choi, Dong Hyong Lee, Chang Yong Song, Jongsoo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Wear is one of the most important factors affecting the structural life of railways. In urban railways, the curved track results in more wear than tangent track. Furthermore, the wear is frequently detected in a sharply curved track. Wear leads to reduction in the durability of railway as well as increase in the risk of derailment. In a recent study, a rail grinding was suggested to enhance the dynamic performance and extend the fatigue life of rails. This paper deals with an optimum design procedure for asymmetric rail head profile wherein the design profiles of high and low rails are simultaneously determined by minimizing the wear on curved tracks. The procedure employs a genetic-algorithm-based optimization method. The dynamic performances of a train such as lateral force, derailment and vertical force are evaluated using a rail vehicle dynamics program. The optimum design is validated by comparing the initial rail profile with the optimum profile in a full-scale wear test.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-625
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2011-0024829; 2012R1A1A1002897).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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