Optimal multiuser diversity in multi-cell MIMO uplink networks: User scaling law and beamforming design

Bang Chul Jung, Su Min Kim, Won Yong Shin, Hyun Jong Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


We introduce a distributed protocol to achieve multiuser diversity in a multicell multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) uplink network, referred to as a MIMO interfering multiple-access channel (IMAC). Assuming both no information exchange among base stations (BS) and local channel state information at the transmitters for the MIMO IMAC, we propose a joint beamforming and user scheduling protocol, and then show that the proposed protocol can achieve the optimal multiuser diversity gain, i.e., KMlog(SNRlog N), as long as the number of mobile stations (MSs) in a cell, N, scales faster than SNR KM-L/1-ε for a small constant ε > 0, where M, L, K, and SNR denote the number of receive antennas at each BS, the number of transmit antennas at each MS, the number of cells, and the signal-to-noise ratio, respectively. Our result indicates that multiuser diversity can be achieved in the presence of intra-cell and inter-cell interference even in a distributed fashion. As a result, vital information on how to design distributed algorithms in interference-limited cellular environments is provided.

Original languageEnglish
Article number393
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments: This work was partly supported by Institute for Information & communications Technology Promotion(IITP) grant funded by the Korea government(MSIT) (No. B0126-17-1064, Research on Near-Zero Latency Network for 5G Immersive Service), IITP grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2014-0-00282, Development of 5G Mobile Communication Technologies for Hyper-connected smart services), and the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (MSIP) (2015R1A2A1A15054248).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 by the authors.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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