In this paper, we study a waveform scheduling problem for a multi-receiver wireless power transfer (WPT) system considering time-varying channel conditions and minimum average output direct-current (DC) voltage requirement of each receiver. To this end, we formulate a stochastic optimization problem that aims at maximizing the average of the sum of output DC voltages of receivers while satisfying the minimum average output DC voltage requirements of all receivers, and by solving it, we develop a waveform scheduling algorithm. In the waveform scheduling algorithm, we need to solve a problem for maximizing the weighted-sum of output DC voltages of receivers, which is a non-convex optimization problem. To cope with this difficulty, we develop a low-complexity approximated algorithm with which the waveform for the multi-receiver WPT system is optimized to maximize the weighted sum of output DC voltages of receivers. Numerical results show that our waveform design algorithm provides the higher performance of the weighted-sum of the output DC voltages than the existing algorithms, and our opportunistic waveform scheduling provides good performance while well satisfying the minimum average output DC voltage requirement of each receiver.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2002-2012 IEEE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics