Opportunistic Downlink Interference Alignment for Multi-Cell MIMO Networks

Hyun Jong Yang, Won Yong Shin, Bang Chul Jung, Changho Suh, Arogyaswami Paulraj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we propose an opportunistic downlink interference alignment (ODIA) for interference-limited cellular downlink, which intelligently combines user scheduling and downlink IA techniques. The proposed ODIA not only efficiently reduces the effect of inter-cell interference from other-cell base stations (BSs) but also eliminates intra-cell interference among spatial streams in the same cell. We show that the minimum number of users required to achieve a target degrees-of-freedom can be fundamentally reduced, i.e., the fundamental user scaling law can be improved by using the ODIA, compared with the existing downlink IA schemes. In addition, we adopt a limited feedback strategy in the ODIA framework, and then analyze the number of feedback bits required for the system with limited feedback to achieve the same user scaling law of the ODIA as the system with perfect channel state information. We also modify the original ODIA in order to further improve the sum-rate, which achieves the optimal multiuser diversity gain, i.e., log log N , per spatial stream even in the presence of downlink inter-cell interference, where N denotes the number of users in a cell. Simulation results show that the ODIA significantly outperforms existing interference management techniques in terms of sum rate in realistic cellular environments. Note that the ODIA operates in a non-collaborative and decoupled manner, i.e., it requires no information exchange among BSs and no iterative beamformer optimization between BSs and users, thus leading to an easier implementation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7807346
Pages (from-to)1533-1548
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by the Institute for Information and Communications Technology Promotion Grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning of the Korea Government under Grant B0126-16-1064 and in part by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning under Grant NRF-2016R1A2B4014834.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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