The quantum key distribution (QKD) research, which is drawing attention as the next secure communication, is actively expanding from point to point system to network architecture. In QKD network system, it is important to increase the number of users who can securely communicate. Up to date, a wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) architecture has successfully expanded the number of channels without significant system loss, but there is a limitation of increasing channels considering the range of telecommunication wavelength and crosstalk noise, etc. In this article, we propose a polarizing division method that increases user channels independently of wavelengths. The proposed architecture can increase the number of wavelength multiplexed channels by a multiple of the polarization number. We identify the issues in the QKD network system that may occur when using polarization and wavelengths simultaneously, then provide solutions and optimize the system operation accordingly. Finally, we describe a field test result of a one to many QKD network system that shows successful key exchange with 3% QBER.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology under Grant 2E30620; in part by the National Research Foundation of Korea under Grant 2019 M3E4A107866011, Grant 2019M3E4A1079777, and Grant 2019R1A2C2 006381; in part by the Institute for Information and Communications Technology Promotion under Grant 2020-0-00947 and Grant 2020-0-00972.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science(all)
- Materials Science(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering