One-step homogeneous immunoassay was developed for detecting influenza viruses A and B (Inf-A and Inf-B) using the switching peptide H2. As the fluorescence-labeled switching peptide dissociated from the binding pocket of detection antibodies, the fluorescence signal could be directly generated by the binding of Inf-A and Inf-B without washing (i.e., one-step immunoassay). For the one-step homogeneous immunoassay with detection antibodies in solution, graphene was labeled with the antibodies as a fluorescence quencher. To test the feasibility of the homogeneous one-step immunoassay, the stability of the antibody complex with the switching peptide was evaluated under different pH and salt conditions. The one-step homogeneous immunoassay with switching peptide was conducted using influenza virus antigens in phosphate-buffered saline and real samples with inactivated Inf-A and Inf-B spiked in serum. Finally, the one-step homogeneous immunoassay results were compared with those of commercially available lateral flow immunoassays.
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© 2022, The Korean BioChip Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering