This study proposes a novel cryogenic CO2 capture and storage (CCS) process using liquefied natural gas (LNG) cold energy in a natural gas combined cycle (NGCC) power plant. This study makes two major contributions to the literature. First, the cryogenic solid-phase CCS process using LNG cold energy can effectively reduce the efficiency penalty in NGCC power plants by solving the fundamental problems associated with the conventional CCS process: energy-intensive thermal treatment of the monoethanolamine-based absorption process and significant power consumption for compressing CO2 to 150 bar. Second, the cryogenic CCS process requires minimal equipment installation in the NGCC power plant by integrating LNG cold energy utilization and CO2 capture processes. The proposed cryogenic CCS process reduces the efficiency penalty from 14.34 % to 3.51 %, with a 99.93 % CO2 capture rate. We believe this study will provide a novel guideline for reducing the efficiency penalty by overcoming the challenges of the conventional CCS process.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering