Novel associations between related proteins and cellular effects of high-density lipoprotein

Seungbum Choi, Yae Eun Park, Eun Jeong Cheon, Kyeong Yeon Kim, Miso Kim, Soo Jin Ann, Hye Min Noh, Jaeho Lee, Chan Joo Lee, Seung Taek Lee, Cheolju Lee, Ji Eun Lee, Sang Hak Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background and Objectives: Recent studies have examined the structure-function relationship of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). This study aimed to identify and rank HDL-associated proteins involved in several biological function of HDL. Methods: HDLs isolated from 48 participants were analyzed. Cholesterol efflux capacity, effect of HDL on nitric oxide production, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression were assessed. The relative abundance of identified proteins in the highest vs. lowest quartile was expressed using the normalized spectral abundance factor ratio. Results: After adjustment by multiple testing, six proteins, thyroxine-binding globulin, alpha-1B-glycoprotein, plasma serine protease inhibitor, vitronectin, angiotensinogen, and serum amyloid A-4, were more abundant (relative abundance ratio ≥2) in HDLs with the highest cholesterol efflux capacity. In contrast, three proteins, complement C4-A, alpha-2-macroglobulin, and immunoglobulin mu chain C region, were less abundant (relative abundance ratio <0.5). In terms of nitric oxide production and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression, no proteins showed abundance ratios ≥2 or <0.5 after adjustment. Proteins correlated with the functional parameters of HDL belonged to diverse biological categories. Conclusions: In summary, this study ranked proteins showing higher or lower abundance in HDLs with high functional capacities and newly identified multiple proteins linked to cholesterol efflux capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-247
Number of pages12
JournalKorean Circulation Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2020. The Korean Society of Cardiology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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