Aim: To review and examine the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions on behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia using information and communication technology. Design: This is a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: The databases including PubMed, CINAHL with Full Text (EBSCOhost), PsycINFO, Embase, and the Cochrane Library will be searched for all published studies. Studies will be screened and selected with criteria described in PICOS format. Risk of bias will be assessed by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence checklist. Data will be extracted from eligible studies and used to perform a meta-analysis examining the overall effects and effects on individual outcomes. Additionally, we will conduct meta-regression to examine the association between explanatory variables and behavioural and psychological symptoms. This study has been funded since June 2020. Discussion: This study will be the first to reveal the effects of non-pharmacological interventions using information and communication technology on behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. Furthermore, this study will provide updated and valid evidence of interventions using this for managing behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. Impact: Although non-pharmacological interventions using information and communication technology for older adults living with dementia are continuously developing, their direct effect remains unclear. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of these interventions on behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia and provide the evidence to implement these interventions among older adults living with dementia. Thus, caregivers and nursing staff can manage behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia more effectively by incorporating information and communication technology.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (No. 2020R1A6A1A03041989).
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