We have fabricated highly sensitive and low noise solid-state nanopores with multiple layers of boron nitride (BN) membranes transferred onto a pyrex substrate. Both the dielectric and flicker noise of the device, which have been described as one of the bottlenecks to making highly sensitive 2-D membrane nanopore devices, have been reduced as follows. Firstly, a pyrex substrate with a low dielectric constant (εr = 4.7-5.1) and low dielectric loss (D < 0.001) is used instead of a Si substrate to reduce the dielectric noise of the device. Secondly, flicker noise is minimized by employing a 100 nm thick SiNx supporting layer with a small opening (less than 100 nm) for BN membrane transfer to enhance the mechanical stability. The flicker noise is further reduced by transferring multiple layers of BN instead of a single layer of BN. The resulting multi-layered BN device shows significant reduction of dielectric and 1/f noise as compared to the devices with a single layer of the BN and Si substrate. Furthermore, we demonstrate dsDNA translocations with a high signal to noise ratio around 50 at 100 and 10 kHz bandwidths.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science