No-reference sharpness assessment of camera-shaken images by analysis of spectral structure

Taegeun Oh, Jincheol Park, Kalpana Seshadrinathan, Sanghoon Lee, Alan Conrad Bovik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


The tremendous explosion of image-, video-, and audio-enabled mobile devices, such as tablets and smart-phones in recent years, has led to an associated dramatic increase in the volume of captured and distributed multimedia content. In particular, the number of digital photographs being captured annually is approaching 100 billion in just the U.S. These pictures are increasingly being acquired by inexperienced, casual users under highly diverse conditions leading to a plethora of distortions, including blur induced by camera shake. In order to be able to automatically detect, correct, or cull images impaired by shake-induced blur, it is necessary to develop distortion models specific to and suitable for assessing the sharpness of camera-shaken images. Toward this goal, we have developed a no-reference framework for automatically predicting the perceptual quality of camera-shaken images based on their spectral statistics. Two kinds of features are defined that capture blur induced by camera shake. One is a directional feature, which measures the variation of the image spectrum across orientations. The second feature captures the shape, area, and orientation of the spectral contours of camera shaken images. We demonstrate the performance of an algorithm derived from these features on new and existing databases of images distorted by camera shake.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6935013
Pages (from-to)5428-5439
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 1992-2012 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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