Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) has been considered as an important pathogen of gastroduodenal inflammation and gastric carcinogenesis. However, the pathogenic mechanisms including H. pylori-induced apoptosis and subsequent molecular mechanisms have not been clarified yet. The present study examined the role of Bcl-2 and its relation to NF-κB in H. pylori-induced apoptosis in human gastric epithelial AGS cells. AGS cells were cultured in the presence of H. pylori, at a bacterium/cell ratio of 300:1, for the determination of apoptosis, NF-κB activation with IκBα degradation, and Bcl-2 level. AGS cells were transfected with a control vector (pCMV cells) or a full-length human Bcl-2 expression vector (Bcl-2 cells). H. pylori-induced apoptosis and NF-κB activation were compared in the wild-type cells and the transfected cells. As a result, H. pylori increased apoptotic cells with chromatin condensation and reduced Bcl-2 levels, which were accompanied with NF-κB activation. H. pylori induced sixfold increase in the number of apoptotic cells in wild-type cells and pCMV cells. H. pylori-induced increment of apoptotic cells were relatively lower in Bcl-2 cells than pCMV cells. H. pylori-induced NF-κB activation and IκBα degradation were not different in the wild-type cells, pCMV cells, and Bcl-2 cells. In conclusion, the reduced gastric Bcl-2 level may be the main pathogenic mechanism of H. pylori-induced apoptosis in gastric epithelial cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Neuroscience
- General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
- History and Philosophy of Science