Negotiation statements with promise and threat

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A negotiator, in order to achieve her goal, must induce an agent to cooperate. The agent faces costs or risks for cooperating. I develop a game-theoretic model where the negotiator may issue a negotiation statement that contains a threat of punishment for non-cooperation and a promise of reward for cooperation; after which the agent must choose either to cooperate or not. I derive necessary and sufficient conditions under which combining a threat with a promise is effective and credible in inducing the agent’s full cooperation. I discuss insights from the model in the context of two applications. My analysis provides a rationale for the use of both promise and threat in negotiations to establish cooperation, increasing the chance of achieving the negotiator’s goal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-164
Number of pages16
JournalReview of Economic Design
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)


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