Nanorobots: The ultimate wireless self-propelled sensing and actuating devices

Samuel Sánchez, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

170 Citations (Scopus)


Natural motor proteins, "bionanorobots," have inspired researchers to develop artificial nanomachines (nanorobots) able to move autonomously by the conversion of chemical to mechanical energy. Such artificial nanorobots are self-propelled by the electrochemical decomposition of the fuel (up to now, hydrogen peroxide). Several approaches have been developed to provide nanorobots with some functionality, such as for controlling their movement, increasing their power output, or trans porting different cargo. In this Focus Review we will discuss the recent advances in nanorobots based on metallic nanowires, which can sense, deliver, and actuate in complex environments, looking towards real applications in the not-too-distant future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1402-1410
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry - An Asian Journal
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sept 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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