Nanorobots Constructed from Nanoclay: Using Nature to Create Self-Propelled Autonomous Nanomachines

Tijana Maric, Carmen C. Mayorga-Martinez, Bahareh Khezri, Muhammad Zafir Mohamad Nasir, Xinyi Chia, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Self-propelled, autonomous micro and nanomachines are at the forefront of current nanotechnology. These micro and nanodevices move actively to perform desired tasks, usually using chemical energy from their surrounding environment. Typically, these structures are fabricated via clean room or template-based electrodeposition methodologies, which yield relatively low numbers of these devices. To utilize these machines in industrial-scale operations, one would need an inexpensive fabrication route for mass production of nanomachines. The use of naturally occurring nanotubes, Halloysite nanoclay, to fabricate functional nanomotors in great quantities is demonstrated. These nanotubes can be mined in ton quantities and used as base for the fabrication of nanomachines. In addition, it is well known that the surface groups of Halloysite nanoclay bind strongly with heavy metals, which makes it potentially useful in environmental remediation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1802762
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number40
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 4

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by A*STAR grant (No. SERC A1783c0005), Singapore. The authors acknowledge the financial support of the project Advanced Functional Nanorobots (Reg. No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/ 0000444 financed by the EFRR).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrochemistry
  • Biomaterials


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