The corepressor-binding domain of the Escherichia coli purine repressor (PurR) is homologous with several periplasmic sugar-binding proteins. Four amino acids in PurR were investigated for a role in binding of corepressors. Three of the residues, Asp146, Arg196 and Asp275, are conserved in periplasmic binding proteins for ribose, glucose/galactose, and arabinose and function to bind sugars. A fourth amino acid, Trp147, required for corepressor binding to PurR, corresponds to residues in glucose/galactose, ribose, and arabinose that also have a role in sugar binding. The four mutations that were constructed perturbed the binding of both hypoxanthine and guanine thus providing evidence for a single corepressor site/PurR subunit. The decreased corepressor binding affinity resulted in reduced affinity of mutant repressors for operator DNA in vitro and decreased capacity for repression in vivo. The corepressor-binding site in PurR appears to be similar to the conserved ligand-binding sites in the three periplasmic sugar-binding proteins and in the LacI family of repressors.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Biological Chemistry
|Published - 1994 Sept 30
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology