Two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenide (2D TMD) layers are highly attractive for emerging stretchable and foldable electronics owing to their extremely small thickness coupled with extraordinary electrical and optical properties. Although intrinsically large strain limits are projected in them (i.e., several times greater than silicon), integrating 2D TMDs in their pristine forms does not realize superior mechanical tolerance greatly demanded in high-end stretchable and foldable devices of unconventional form factors. In this article, we report a versatile and rational strategy to convert 2D TMDs of limited mechanical tolerance to tailored 3D structures with extremely large mechanical stretchability accompanying well-preserved electrical integrity and modulated transport properties. We employed a concept of strain engineering inspired by an ancient paper-cutting art, known as kirigami patterning, and developed 2D TMD-based kirigami electrical conductors. Specifically, we directly integrated 2D platinum diselenide (2D PtSe2) layers of controlled carrier transport characteristics on mechanically flexible polyimide (PI) substrates by taking advantage of their low synthesis temperature. The metallic 2D PtSe2/PI kirigami patterns of optimized dimensions exhibit an extremely large stretchability of ∼2000% without compromising their intrinsic electrical conductance. They also present strain-tunable and reversible photoresponsiveness when interfaced with semiconducting carbon nanotubes (CNTs), benefiting from the formation of 2D PtSe2/CNT Schottky junctions. Moreover, kirigami field-effect transistors (FETs) employing semiconducting 2D PtSe2 layers exhibit tunable gate responses coupled with mechanical stretching upon electrolyte gating. The exclusive role of the kirigami pattern parameters in the resulting mechanoelectrical responses was also verified by a finite-element modeling (FEM) simulation. These multifunctional 2D materials in unconventional yet tailored 3D forms are believed to offer vast opportunities for emerging electronics and optoelectronics.
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Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering