Multifunctional and self-propelled spherical Janus nano/micromotors: Recent advances

Amir Masoud Pourrahimi, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


Recent progress in autonomous self-propelled multifunctional Janus nano/micromotors, which are able to convert chemical or light energy into mechanical motion, is presented. This technology of moving micro- and nanodevices is at the forefront of materials research and is a promising and growing technology with the possibility of using these motors in both biomedical and environmental applications. The development of novel multifunctional Janus motors together with their motion mechanisms is discussed. Different preparation and synthesis routes are compared. The effects of the size, interfacial structures and porosity on the directional motion and the speed of Janus micromotors are discussed. For light-derived Janus micromotors, newly developed techniques that are able to observe directly the interfaces' charge distribution on a nanometer scale are presented in order to clarify the underlying electrophoresis motion mechanism. This review aims to encourage further research in the field of micromotors using new and facile methodologies for obtaining novel Janus motors with enhanced motion and activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16398-16415
Number of pages18
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sept 21

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the project Advanced Functional Nanorobots (reg. no. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/0000444 financed by the EFRR).

Publisher Copyright:
© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2018.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Multifunctional and self-propelled spherical Janus nano/micromotors: Recent advances'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this