Multiferroic-Enabled Magnetic-Excitons in 2D Quantum-Entangled Van der Waals Antiferromagnet NiI2

Suhan Son, Youjin Lee, Jae Ha Kim, Beom Hyun Kim, Chaebin Kim, Woongki Na, Hwiin Ju, Sudong Park, Abhishek Nag, Ke Jin Zhou, Young Woo Son, Hyeongdo Kim, Woo Suk Noh, Jae Hoon Park, Jong Seok Lee, Hyeonsik Cheong, Jae Hoon Kim, Je Geun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Matter–light interaction is at the center of diverse research fields from quantum optics to condensed matter physics, opening new fields like laser physics. A magnetic exciton is one such rare example found in magnetic insulators. However, it is relatively rare to observe that external variables control matter-light interaction. Here, it is reported that the broken inversion symmetry of multiferroicity can act as an external knob enabling magnetic excitons in the van der Waals antiferromagnet NiI2. It is further discovered that this magnetic exciton arises from a transition between Zhang–Rice-triplet and Zhang–Rice-singlet fundamentally quantum-entangled states. This quantum entanglement produces an ultrasharp optical exciton peak at 1.384 eV with a 5 meV linewidth. The work demonstrates that NiI2 is 2D magnetically ordered with an intrinsically quantum-entangled ground state.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2109144
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 10

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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