Molecular MIMO: From Theory to Prototype

Bon Hong Koo, Changmin Lee, H. Birkan Yilmaz, Nariman Farsad, Andrew Eckford, Chan Byoung Chae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

147 Citations (Scopus)


In diffusion-based molecular communication, information transport is governed by diffusion through a fluid medium. The achievable data rates for these channels are very low compared to the radio-based communication system, since diffusion can be a slow process. To improve the data rate, a novel multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) design for molecular communication is proposed that utilizes multiple molecular emitters at the transmitter and multiple molecular detectors at the receiver (in RF communication these all correspond to antennas). Using particle-based simulators, the channel's impulse response is obtained and mathematically modeled. These models are then used to determine interlink interference (ILI) and intersymbol interference (ISI). It is assumed that when the receiver has incomplete information regarding the system and the channel state, low complexity symbol detection methods are preferred since the receiver is small and simple. Thus, four detection algorithms are proposed-adaptive thresholding, practical zero forcing with channel models excluding/including the ILI and ISI, and Genie-aided zero forcing. The proposed algorithms are evaluated extensively using numerical and analytical evaluations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7397863
Pages (from-to)600-614
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by the MSIP (Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning), Korea, under the "IT Consilience Creative Program" (IITP-2015-R0346-15-1008) supervised by the Institute for Information &Communications Technology Promotion (IITP) and in part by the Basic Science Research Program (2014R1A1A1002186) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP), Korea, through the National Research Foundation of Korea.

Publisher Copyright:
© 1983-2012 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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