Modulation of Quantum Tunneling via a Vertical Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus and Molybdenum Disulfide p-n Junction

Xiaochi Liu, Deshun Qu, Hua Min Li, Inyong Moon, Faisal Ahmed, Changsik Kim, Myeongjin Lee, Yongsuk Choi, Jeong Ho Cho, James C. Hone, Won Jong Yoo

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145 Citations (Scopus)


Diverse diode characteristics were observed in two-dimensional (2D) black phosphorus (BP) and molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) heterojunctions. The characteristics of a backward rectifying diode, a Zener diode, and a forward rectifying diode were obtained from the heterojunction through thickness modulation of the BP flake or back gate modulation. Moreover, a tunnel diode with a precursor to negative differential resistance can be realized by applying dual gating with a solid polymer electrolyte layer as a top gate dielectric material. Interestingly, a steep subthreshold swing of 55 mV/dec was achieved in a top-gated 2D BP-MoS2 junction. Our simple device architecture and chemical doping-free processing guaranteed the device quality. This work helps us understand the fundamentals of tunneling in 2D semiconductor heterostructures and shows great potential in future applications in integrated low-power circuits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9143-9150
Number of pages8
JournalACS Nano
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sept 26

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Global Research Laboratory (GRL) Program (2016K1A1A2912707) and the Global Frontier R&D Program (2013M3A6B1078873) at the Center for Hybrid Interface Materials (HIM), funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning via the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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