Modal Response-Based Visual System Identification and Model Updating Methods for Building Structures

Byung Kwan Oh, Doyoung Kim, Hyo Seon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


This article proposes a new system identification (SI) method using the modal responses obtained from the dynamic responses of a structure for estimating modal parameters. Since the proposed SI method visually extracts the mode shape of a structure through the plotting of modal responses based on measured data points, the complex calculation process for the correlation and the decomposition for vibration measurements required in SI methods can be avoided. Also, without dependence on configurations of SI methods inducing variations of modal parameters, mode shapes and modal damping ratios can be stably extracted through direct implementation of modal response. To verify the feasibility of the proposed method, the modal parameters of a shear frame were extracted from modal displacement data obtained from a vibration test, and the results were compared with those obtained from the existing frequency domain SI method. The proposed method introduces the maximum modal response ratio of each mode computed by modal displacement data, and from this, the contribution of each mode and each measured location to the overall structural response is indirectly evaluated. Moreover, this article proposes a model updating method establishing the error functions based on the differences between the analytical model and measurement for the natural frequencies and the modal responses reflecting both mode shape and modal contribution. The validity of the proposed method is verified through the response prediction and modal contributions of the models obtained from model updating based on dynamic displacement from a shaking table test for a shear-type test frame.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-56
Number of pages23
JournalComputer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2011-0018360).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


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