Mitigating shrinkage cracking in posttensioning grout using shrinkage-reducing admixture

Doo Yeol Yoo, Gum Sung Ryu, Tianfeng Yuan, Kyung Taek Koh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims to reduce the cracking potential of posttensioning high-performance grout (HG) through use of shrinkage-reducing admixture (SRA). With this regard, an HG mixture was initially developed to possess appropriate fluidity with low bleeding and settling. Various amounts of SRA were subsequently incorporated into the developed HG mixture at 1% and 2% by weight to the cementitious components. A widely used ordinary grout (OG) mixture was also considered for comparison. Test results indicated that the HG mixture exhibited similar flowability to the OG mixture, while imparting much better performance with regard to strength, bleeding, and settling. The addition of SRA to the HG mixture led to higher compressive and tensile strength values after 28 days, lower shrinkage strain, lower maximum internal temperature due to hydration heat, and delayed shrinkage cracking. On the other hand, the degree of restraint due to an uneven surface of duct and the filling capacity of the HG were insignificantly affected by the inclusion of the SRA. Complete filling of ducts was observed for the HG samples. The OG mixture exhibited the smallest shrinkage strain and the best performance with regard to shrinkage cracking resistance; however, the OG mixture resulted in insufficiently filled ducts, leading to atmospheric exposure of prestressing strands. Consequently, the HG mixture with 2% SRA was proposed to be most appropriate for posttensioning grout with regard to the several properties denoted above.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-108
Number of pages12
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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