Microfabricated torsional actuators using self-aligned plastic deformation of silicon

Jongbaeg Kim, Hyuck Choo, Liwei Lin, Richard S. Muller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we describe angular vertical-comb-drive torsional microactuators made in a new process that induces residual plastic deformation of single-crystal-silicon torsion bars. Critical dimensions of the vertically interdigitated moving-and fixed-comb actuators are self-aligned in the fabrication process and processed devices operate stably over a range of actuation voltages. We demonstrate MEMS scanning mirrors that resonate at 2.95 kHz and achieve optical scan angles up to 19.2 degrees with driving voltages of 40 V dc plus 13V pp. After continuous testing of five billion cycles at the maximum scanning angle, we do not observe any signs of degradation in the plastically deformed silicon torsion bars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-562
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Microelectromechanical Systems
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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