Synthetic micro- and nanorobots have attracted considerable attentions for their potential applications in environment, biomedicine and microengineering. In this review, we summarize the recent works on micro/nanorobots based sensing and biosensing according to different mechanisms: motion based sensing, electrochemical sensing with micro/nanorobots and fluorescent, electrochemiluminescent, colorimetric sensing with micro/nanorobots. Micro/nanorobots offer a convenient and active detection for nucleic acid, protein, glucose, heavy metal ions, etc. in solution and surrounding atmosphere. Furthermore, the detection sensitivity and efficiency has been significantly improved due to the stirring in solution by the motion of micro/nanorobots.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Authors acknowledge A*Star grant SERC A1783c0005 (Singapore) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China ( 21474078 and 51521001 ). L. K. acknowledges the Scholarship Fund from China Scholarship Council (CSC No. 201606950043 ). This work was supported by the project Advanced Functional Nanorobots (reg. No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/0000444 financed by the EFRR ) by Czech Republic.
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry