Micro- and nanorobots based sensing and biosensing

Lei Kong, Jianguo Guan, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)


Synthetic micro- and nanorobots have attracted considerable attentions for their potential applications in environment, biomedicine and microengineering. In this review, we summarize the recent works on micro/nanorobots based sensing and biosensing according to different mechanisms: motion based sensing, electrochemical sensing with micro/nanorobots and fluorescent, electrochemiluminescent, colorimetric sensing with micro/nanorobots. Micro/nanorobots offer a convenient and active detection for nucleic acid, protein, glucose, heavy metal ions, etc. in solution and surrounding atmosphere. Furthermore, the detection sensitivity and efficiency has been significantly improved due to the stirring in solution by the motion of micro/nanorobots.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-182
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Electrochemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Authors acknowledge A*Star grant SERC A1783c0005 (Singapore) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China ( 21474078 and 51521001 ). L. K. acknowledges the Scholarship Fund from China Scholarship Council (CSC No. 201606950043 ). This work was supported by the project Advanced Functional Nanorobots (reg. No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/0000444 financed by the EFRR ) by Czech Republic.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry


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