Methyl Viologen Anolyte Introducing Nitrate as Counter-Anion for an Aqueous Redox Flow Battery

Sang Soon Jang, Se Kook Park, Sun Hwa Yeon, Kyoung Hee Shin, Haneul Song, Han Su Kim, Yoon Seok Jung, Chang Soo Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Among the redox active molecules, methyl viologen (MV) is the most promising redox species in an aqueous organic redox flow battery, featuring the stable redox reaction MV2+/MV•+. Its electrochemical properties and solubility significantly depend on the counter-anion. Herein, we introduce the nitrate as a counter-anion to methyl viologen dication to obtain a new water-soluble methyl viologen compound (MVdN) and identify the effects of nitrate as counter-anion on electrochemical properties of methyl viologen. Nitrate leads to ∼ 3.5 M solubility in water and good electrochemical reversibility (ip,a/ip,c = 0.79, ΔE = 54 mV) with fast mass transfer (D = 5.13 × 10-5 cm2•s-1) of methyl viologen, which is superior to commonly used methyl viologen dichloride(MVdCl). Additionally, flow cell performance from 40 to 100 mA cm-2 exhibited 99% coulombic efficiency and comparable performance with MVdCl. Nitrate could be a promising choice as a counter anion to methyl viologen as aqueous redox active molecule.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100532
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Electrochemical Society ("ECS"). Published on behalf of ECS by IOP Publishing Limited.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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