Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a chronic liver disease that results from multiple metabolic disorders. Considering the complexity of the pathogenesis, the identification of a factor mediating the multiple pathogenic phenotypes of NASH will be important for treatment. In this study, we found that CXXC5, a negative feedback regulator of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, was overexpressed with suppression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling and its target genes involved in hepatic metabolism in obese-NASH patients. Cxxc5−/− mice were found to be resistant to NASH pathogenesis with metabolic improvements. KY19334, a small molecule that activates the Wnt/β-catenin pathway via interference of the CXXC5-Dvl interaction, reversed the overall pathogenic features of NASH as Cxxc5−/− mice. The improvement in NASH by KY19334 is attributed to its regenerative effects through restorative activation of the suppressed Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Overall, the pronounced metabolic improvements with the stimulation of liver regeneration by interfering with the CXXC5-Dvl interaction provide a therapeutic approach for NASH.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Biochemistry