Mechanistic understanding of precast UHPC segmental beams with external tendons and epoxy joints subject to combined bending and shear

Meng Ye, Lifeng Li, Doo Yeol Yoo, Huihui Li, Xudong Shao, Cong Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Precast ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) segmental bridges (PUSBs) have become a competitive bridge type in modern civil engineering. To establish a thorough mechanistic understanding of PUSBs, seven specimens were fabricated and experimentally investigated. These specimens were designed to have different longitudinal reinforcements, construction methods, joint types, shear span-to-depth ratios (λ), stirrup ratios, and numbers of shear keys. Two failure modes were observed in the tests: flexural failure with crushing of the UHPC at the joints, and shear failure with shear tension sliding and concrete spalling of the web. Additionally, it was found that although the ultimate capacity, stiffness, and cracking load of the segmental beams were slightly lower than those of the monolithic beams, the segmental beams tended to exhibit better ductility and deformation capacity. As λ increased, the ultimate capacity and stiffness of the segmental beams decreased, whereas the growth rates of the deflection and tendon stress increased. Moreover, the stirrups showed a positive effect on the cracking control ability and shear strength of the beams. The three-keyed specimen exhibited better structural behavior than the single-keyed specimen. Finally, calculation methods were proposed to predict the cracking strength and ultimate capacity of PUSBs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115698
JournalEngineering Structures
Volume280
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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