Mechanistic study on latex film formation in the presence of alkali-soluble resin using atomic force microscopy

D. Y. Lee, Y. J. Park, M. C. Khew, C. C. Ho, J. H. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The mechanism of film formation of emulsifier-free monodisperse poly(n-butyl methacrylate) (PBMA) latex in the presence of postadded alkali-soluble resin (ASR), namely poly(styrene/alpha-methylstyrene/acrylic acid) (SAA) was followed using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The film morphology and peak-to-valley distance (Δz) of latex particles in the film was monitored at different annealing temperatures as a function of annealing duration. The Δz of the PBMA particles in films containing SAA was found to be higher than those in the pure PBMA films. The AFM results suggest very strongly the formation of a hard surface layer of SAA over the soft PBMA particle, and the migration of free SAA to the latex film surface during annealing. The SAA layer adsorbed on and surrounding each PBMA particle retards the viscoelastic flow of the PBMA particles and slows down the gradual coalescence of the particles in film formation. Annealing at high temperature, the PBMA particles fuse at a faster rate than the SAA due to its lower T(g) compared to that of SAA. The difference in the rates of fusion of the SAA and PBMA phases leads to the formation of indentations on individual particles at high annealing temperature and long annealing duration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)479-485
Number of pages7
JournalMacromolecular Symposia
Publication statusPublished - 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Mechanistic study on latex film formation in the presence of alkali-soluble resin using atomic force microscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this