Mechanism of alveolar bone loss in a collagen-induced arthritis model in mice

Jung Chul Park, Chuanxin Su, Im Hee Jung, Seong Ho Choi, Kyoo Sung Cho, Chong Kwan Kim, Yong Beom Park, Soo Kon Lee, Chang Sung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: The aim of this study was to understand the cellular/molecular mechanisms of periodontal breakdown in a collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model in mice to enhance the understanding of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-associated alveolar bone loss in humans. Materials and Methods: All analyses were performed on paired samples from CIA and control group mice. Mandibles were retrieved for micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), histomorphometric analysis, and isolation of alveolar bone cells (ABCs). In vitro steoclastogenic/osteogenic/adipogenic potentials of ABCs were evaluated and the mRNA expression of downstream effector genes was assessed. Bone formation of ABCs was assessed using an ectopic transplantation model. Results: Histomorphometric and micro-CT data showed that alveolar bone loss was significantly increased in the CIA group (p<0.05). Osteoclastogenesis was significantly increased in the CIA group in vivo (p<0.05), with upregulated mRNA expressions of osteoclastogenesis-associated genes. Osteoblasts appeared to undergo increased apoptosis, and the bone-forming activity of ABCs concomitantly decreased with in vitro osteogenic differentiation and in vivo ectopic transplantation (p<0.05). Also, adipogenesis-associated mRNA expression was highly expressed in the CIA group, resulting in significantly enhanced adipocyte differentiation in vitro (p<0.05). Conclusions: These data demonstrate that increased osteoclastic activity, decreased bone-forming activity and enhanced adipogenesis promote alveolar bone loss in a CIA model in mice, and they suggest that these mechanisms could account for the same outcome in human RA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-130
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics


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